Analisis Penetapan Sektor Andalan dalam Rangka Pembangunan Pertanian Kabupaten Merauke (Pendekatan Model Input-Output)

Afrizal Malik, Supena Friyatno

Abstract


One of the success factors of agricultural development in region is how agricultural development planned well. Determination of leading sector is an important activity for the preparation of agricultural development planning. Investment is the driving force of economic growth. With limited government and community funds, then the efficiency and effectiveness of investments aimed at mainstay sectors or commodities. Mainstay sector is the sector that can attract and encourage other economic sectors so that all economic sectors able articulates economic growth, create employment opportunities, increase income, reduce the incidence of poverty. Without any information about where or commodity sector where appropriate to be developed, then the agricultural development plan is ineffective and inefficient as well as development targets are not achieved. The study aims to: (a) formulating criteria mainstay sector, (b) identify the mainstay sector and, (c) identify the location of the agricultural seed sector by combining the information with the results of AEZ assessment. Determination sector or commodity approach Input-Output analysis and in-overlay it with the map AEZ (Agroecological Zone) (especially for the agricultural sector). The results of the study recommends that the selection of sectors/commodity sector development policy/commodity concerned in Merauke District is highly dependent on the problems facing the region. Given the poverty and scarcity of labor is still a major problem in this area, it is advisable sector/commodity which is developed sectors/commodities that have high multiplier value but low employment multipliers. Sectors which are qualified fisheries and agriculture. Furthermore, this study suggested that local governments make investments based on the landing area map and location of the potential development of the agricultural sector each district is already available from this study.


Keywords


Analysis, Mainstay Sector, Input-Output, Agricultural, Development , AEZ

Full Text:

PDF

References


Amin, L., H. Sosiawan dan E. Susanti. 1994. Agroekologi dan Alternatif Pengembangan Pertanian. Prosiding Temu Konsultasi Sumberdaya Lahan untuk Pengembangan Kawasan Timur Indonesia. Palu, 17-20 Pebruari 1994.

Afif, S. 1997. Strategic Issues in Sustainable Agriculture, Rural Development and Poverty Alleviation. In Pasandaran et al., (eds) Poverty Alleviation With a Susnaitable Agriculture and Rural Development, Proceeding of a National Seminar and Workshop. Center for Agro-Socialeconomic Research (CASER) AND Cornell International for Food, Agriculture and Development (CIFAD),Bogor.

Bulmer., Thomas, V. 1982. Input-Output Analysis in Developing Countries : Sources, Methods and Aplications. Jhon Wlley and Sons Ltd, New York

Daryanto, A. 1999. Structural Change and Determinants of Agriculture’s Relative Decline. Jurnal of Agriculture and Resource Sosioeconomic, 12 (3) : 79;94.

Djaenudin, D., Marwan, H., Subagyo., A. Mulyani. 2000. Kriteria Kesesuaian Lahan untuk Komodtias Pertanian. Versi 3. September 2000. Pusat Penelitian Tanah dan Agroklimat. Badan Litbang Pertanian

FAO, 1996. Agro-Ecological Zoning Guidelines. FAO Soil Bulletin 73. Rome

Kassam, A.H., H.T. Van. Velthuizen, G.W Ficher and M.M. Shah. 1991. Agroecological Land Resources Assessment For Agricultural Development Planning. Case Study of Kenya. Resource data Base and Land Productivity. Technical Annex 1. Land Resources. Land and Water Development Division, FA, Rome.

Miller, R.E and P.D. Blair. 1985. Input-Output Analysis: Foundations and Extentions. Presntice Hall, Inc., New Jersey.

Miernyk, W. H. 1965. The Elemens of Input Output Anaysis. Random House, New York.

Rachman, B. 1993. Analisis Keterkaitan Antar Sektor dalam Perekonomian Wilayah Jawa Barat., Jurnal Agro Ekonomi, 12 92): 39-65.

Syafaat, N. 2000. Kajian Peran Pertanian dalam Strategi Pembangunan Ekonomi Regional: Analisis Simulasi Kebijaksaan dengan Pendekatan Imbas Investasi (Induced Invesment). (Disertasi Doktor). Program Pascasarjana. IPB. Bogor.

Syafaat, N dan S. Prayitno. 2000. Peranan Industri Terigu dan Yang Berbahan Baku Terigu dalam Penciptaan Nilai Tambah dan Penyerapan Tenaga Kerja. Pusat Pengkajian Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian. Badan Litbang pertanian. Bogor.

Syafaat, N dan S. Mardianto. 2002. Indentifikasi Sumber Pertumbuhan Output Nasional: Pendekatan Analisis Input-Output. Jurnal Agro Ekonomi, 20 (1) : 1-24.

Tapadas, C.T and D.C. Dahl. 1999. Supply-Driven Input-Output Multipliers. Journal of Agricultural Economics, 4 (10) : 35-40.

Teroso, C., K. Demura and A. Ito. 2000. An Input-Output Analysis of the Production Generation and Adjusment Mechanisms of Agriculture Through Time: The Case of Japan, Korea, Taiwan and the Philippines. In Bustanul A and H. Dillon (odc). Asian Agriculture Facing The 21 st Century. Asian Society of Agricultural Economists, Jakarta.

West, G.R. 1993. GRIMP: Input-Output Analysis for Practioners, Version 7.1. Users Guide. Department of Economics, University of Queensland, Queensland.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33772/bpsosek.v12i22.5231

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2010 Buletin Penelitian Sosek

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Published by Department of Agribusiness - Halu Oleo University

© BPSosek, p-ISSN: 1410-4466 | e-ISSN: 2656-4270 | DOI: Prefix 10.33772 by Crossref

Creative Commons License is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats