TANTANGAN SOSIAL PENYEBARAN HOAX OLEH DIGITAL IMMIGRANT STUDI KUALITATIF IMPLEMENTASI DIGITAL CITIZENSHIP AND ONLINE SAFETY DI LIMA KOTA

Devie Rahmawati, Deni Danial Kesa, Pijar Suciati, Amelita Lusia

Abstract


ABSTRAK
Data menunjukkan bahwa sekitar 150 juta penduduk Indonesia telah menggunakan internet, dimana
sebanyak 56% adalah pengguna media sosial. Hampir separuh dari pengguna tersebut menerima hoax
satu atau lebih dari satu kali per hari. Upaya untuk menangkal serangan hoax diantaranya menggunakan
pendekatan digital citizenship and online safety (Romano, 2019) yaitu konsep 5R (Rights, Respect,
Responsibility, Reasoning and Resilience). Dalam studi ini ditemukan bahwa para aparatur lokal di daerah
belum memiliki pengetahuan yang cukup untuk menerapkan konsep 5R. Kondisi ini yang menajdi salah
satu sulitnya upaya mengendalikan penyebaran informasi hoax di lima kota yaitu Depok, Palu, Yogya,
Riau, Aceh.
Penelitian ini dilakukan secara kualitatif dengan metode FGD di lima kota terhadap 50 orang aparatur
kelurahan dan desa, selama periode Mei hingga October 2019 melalui kegiatan ‘Saring sebelum Sharing’.
Lemahnya pengetahuan dan ketrampilan para aparatur daerah, yang sebagian besar adalah generasi yang
lahir Sebelum era tahun 1980 atau yang dikenal dengan sebutan digital immigrant, tentang konsep dan
penerapan 5R, menjadikan posisi mereka tidak berdaya dalam menangkal serbuan misinformasi,
disinformasi dan malinformasi yang beredar di saluran komunikasi media sosial yaitu Facebook dan Whats
App. Program sosialisasi dan pendampingan literasi media dan digital dalam jangka pendek serta
penerapan kurikulum digital dalam jangka panjang, menjadi harapan dari seluruh narasumber dalam
upaya menangkal serangan hoax yang berbahaya kerekatan integrasi sosial masyarakat.

Kata kunci: Digital immigrant, digital competence, online safety, 5R, social media


Full Text:

PDF

References


Autry,Alex J.,,Jr, & Berge, Z. (2011). Digital natives and digital immigrants: Getting to know each other.

Industrial and Commercial Training, 43(7), 460-466. doi:http://remote-lib.ui.ac.id:

/10.1108/00197851111171890

Chaves, H. V., Filho, O. N. M., & Melo, A. S. E. (2016). EDUCATION IN TIMES NET GENERATION:

HOW DIGITAL IMMIGRANTS CAN TEACH DIGITAL NATIVES?/ EDUCAÇÃO EM

TEMPOS NET GENERATION: COMO OS DIGITAL IMMIGRANTS PODEM ENSINAR OS

DIGITAL NATIVES? Holos, 32(2), 347-356. doi:http://remote-lib.ui.ac.id:

/10.15628/holos.2016.3611

Coe, C. M. (2018). Tell me lies: Fake news, source cues, and partisan motivated reasoning (Order No.

. Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global. (2234744130). Retrieved from

https://remote-lib.ui.ac.id:2076/docview/2234744130?accountid=17242

Grigoryan, T., & Babayan, N. (2015). DIGITAL NATIVES AND DIGITAL IMMIGRANTS IN A

PAPERLESS CLASSROOM. International Journal of Arts & Sciences, 8(1), 289-296. Retrieved

from https://remote-lib.ui.ac.id:2076/docview/1677664831?accountid=17242

Ionita, M., Pastae, V., & Stoica, A. (2014). Digital Natives And Digital Immigrants Interaction In The Field

Of Educational Software. Bucharest: "Carol I" National Defence University. Retrieved from

https://remote-lib.ui.ac.id:2076/docview/1534136966?accountid=17242

Johnson, K. E. (2018). Digital native and digital immigrant professors' self-assessments of instructional

technology usage in college classrooms (Order No. 10748827). Available from ProQuest

Dissertations & Theses Global. (2054419044). Retrieved from https://remote-lib.ui.ac.id:

/docview/2054419044?accountid=17242

Leonard, W. H. (2018). Living in an unreal world: Fake news, social identity theory, and media literacy

(Order No. 10976562). Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global. (2188507075).

Retrieved from https://remote-lib.ui.ac.id:2076/docview/2188507075? accountid=17242

Lee, T. (2018). Perceived influence of fake news and its consequences (Order No. 10822316). Available

from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global. (2074697424). Retrieved from https:// remotelib.ui.ac.id:2076/docview/2074697424?accountid=17242

Martin, E. M. P. (2011). Digital natives and digital immigrants: Teaching with technology (Order No.

. Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global. (921887406). Retrieved from

https://remote-lib.ui.ac.id:2076/docview/921887406?accountid=17242

Pattee, A. (2012). Effective use of digital technologies of high school teachers as digital immigrants in six

rural public schools (Order No. 3494448). Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global.

(921901468). Retrieved from https://remote-lib.ui.ac.id:2076/docview/921901468?

accountid=17242

Rasskazova, E. I., & Soldatova, G. V. (2014). Assessment of the digital competence in russian adolescents

and parents: Digital competence index. Psychology in Russia, 7(4), 65-74. doi:http:// remotelib.ui.ac.id:2068/10.11621/pir.2014.0406

Romano, Angela (2019). The 5 Rs of Digital Citizenship and Online Safety. Paper Presented at

Democratic Resilience Workshop, Queensland University of Technology

Salomon, A. M. (2014). Exploring professional development needs of digital immigrant and digital native

teachers for the successful integration of technology in a jewish elementary education setting (Order

No. 3617813). Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global. (1528550568). Retrieved

from https://remote-lib.ui.ac.id:2076/docview/1528550568? accountid=17242

Ştefăniţă, O., Corbu, N., PhD., & Buturoiu, R., PhD. (2018). Fake news and the third-person effect: They

are more influenced than me and you. Journal of Media Research, 11(3), 5-23. doi:http:// remotelib.ui.ac.id:2068/10.24193/jmr.32.1

Stockham, M. (2016). Digital natives vs. digital immigrants at work: Evaluating computer selfefficacy as a

moderator of generational differences in work values (Order No. 10252943). Available from

ABI/INFORM Collection; ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global. (1867587712). Retrieved from

https://remote-lib.ui.ac.id:2076/docview/1867587712?accountid=17242

Susa, D. (2014). Digital immigrants and digital natives: Learning business informatics at higher

educational level. Business Systems Research, 5(2), 84-96. doi:http://remote-lib.ui.ac.id:

/10.2478/bsrj-2014-0012


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.