PENERAPAN SISTEM MANAJEMEN KESELAMATAN DAN KESEHATAN KERJA (SMK3) PADA PROYEK KONSTRUKSI DI SWEDIA (Studi Kasus: Pembangunan Rumah Sakit Anak di Gothenburg)

Yudhi Dwi Hartono(1),


(1) Program Studi Arsitektur, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Muhammadiyah Kendari
Corresponding Author

Abstract


ABSTRAK
Industri konstruksi adalah salah satu sektor industri yang paling berisiko dan memiliki tingkat kecelakaan
kerja yang tinggi. Dari kecelakaan ringan hingga fatal yang berakibat kematian kerap terjadi di industri ini.
Sebagai negara maju, Swedia mempunyai aturan yang ketat terkait keselamatan dan kesehatan kerja di sektor
konstruksi. Penelitian ini mencoba menjawab bagaimana penerapan Sistem Manajemen Keselamatan dan
Kesehatan Kerja (SMK3) Konstruksi di negara ini khusunya dalam pengerjaan pengecoran beton. Data dianalisis
dan disusun berdasarkan perbandingan studi kepustakaan dan hasil wawancara, observasi dan pengamatan
langsung di lokasi proyek, serta evaluasi data-data SMK3 yang tersedia di lokasi proyek. Penelitian ini
menggunakan studi kasus pembangunan Rumah Sakit Anak Queen Silvia di Kota Gothenburg, Swedia. Item
pekerjaan utama yang diteliti adalah pengecoran beton dinding basement pembangunan rumah sakit ini. Hasil
penelitian ini menunjukan bahwa kontraktor yang mengerjakan proyek ini telah memenuhi standar SMK3 yang
diatur oleh negara ini. Tidak hanya itu, perusahaan kontraktor ini juga telah memenuhi standar K3 lebih dari
yang disyaratkan. Ini terbukti dari peraturan khusus mengenai K3 yang dikeluarkan oleh perusahaan yang juga
sejalan dengan misi perusahaan untuk menjadi yang terdepan dalam hal penerapan SMK3. Hasil penelitian ini
diharapkan dapat menjadi rujukan bagi Negara Indonesia bagaimana negara maju seperti Swedia menerapkan
SMK3.
Kata Kunci: Keselamatan Kerja, SMK3, pengecoran beton, Swedia
ABSTRACT
The construction industry is one of the most risky industry sectors and has a high rate of work accidents.
From minor accidents to fatal accidents often occur in this industry. As a developed country, Sweden has strict
rules related to safety and health in the construction sector. This study tries to answer how this country apply the
Occupational Safety and Health Management System (SMK3) in the construction work especially concrete
casting work. Data were analyzed and compiled based on a literature study and interviews, direct observation
and monitoring at the project site, as well as evaluation of SMK3 data available at the project site. This research
uses a case study from a construction of the Queen Silvia Children's Hospital in the Gothenburg City, Sweden.
The main work item observed in this study is the basement wall concrete construction of this hospital.. The
results of this study indicate that the contractor working on this project has met the SMK3 standards set by this
country. Not only that, this contracting company has also fulfilled Occupational and Health (OHS) standards
more than required. This is proofed from the special regulations on OHS issued by the company which are also
conveyed with the company's mission to be the leader in terms of attention to OHS management. The results of
this study are expected to be a reference for Indonesia How developed countries like Sweden implement SMK3.
Keywords: Work Safety, Occupational Safety and Health Management System, concrete casting, Sweden


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