PENGARUH SUBSTITUSI TEPUNG BUAH LINDUR (Bruguiera Gymnorrhiza) TERHADAP KARAKTERISTIK ORGANOLEPTIK, NILAI GIZI DAN AKTVITAS ANTIOKSIDAN BROWNIES

Wd Wd Sitti Aisyah Nurul Fahlani, Tamrin Tamrin, Kobajashi Togo Isamu

Abstract


ABSTRACT

                    This study aimed to analyze the effect of lindur fruit flour substitution on organoleptic characteristics, nutritional value, and antioxidant activity of lindur fruit flour brownies. This research was conducted using a completely randomized design (CRD) with various percentages of formulation of substitution of lindur fruit flour:wheat flour, namely M1 = (100%:0%), M2 = (90%:10%), M3 = (80%:20 %), M4 = (70%:30%), and M5 = (60%:40%). The research data were analyzed using analysis of variance, with further testing using Duncan's Multiple Range Test (DMRT) at a 95% confidence level. The results show that the HCN content of lindur fruit flour reached 21.81 mg/kg. The M3 treatment was the most preferred treatment by the panelists with hedonic rating scores of color, texture, aroma, and taste reached 4.14 (like), 4.13 (like), 3.79 (like), and 4.30 (like), respectively. The nutritional values of selected M3 brownies show that it contained 30.57% water, 1.20% ash, 3.70% fat, 5.63% protein, and 58.90% carbohydrate. Analysis of antioxidant activity in selected M3 brownies was 465.58 ppm which is categorized as very weak. It can be concluded that the substitution of lindur fruit flour in making brownies had a very significant effect on color, texture, and taste. However, the effect was not significant on the aroma and the analysis of the nutritional value of the selected treatment. The brownie product substituted with lindur fruit flour met the national standards for water, ash, and fat contents.

Keyword: Brownies, Lindur Fruit

 

ABSTRAK

   

 


Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mempelajari pengaruh substitusi tepung buah lindur terhadap karakteristik organoleptik, nilai gizi, dan aktivitas antioksidan brownies tepung buah lindur. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan menggunakan Rancangan Acak  Lengkap  (RAL) dengan berbagai presentase formulasi, substitusi tepung buah lindur: tepung terigu yaitu M1 =  (100% : 0%), M2 = (90% : 10%), M3 = 80% : 20%), M4 = (70% : 30%), dan M5 = (60% : 40%). Data hasil penelitian dianalisis menggunakan sidik ragam (Analysis of Varian), dengan uji lanjut menggunakan Duncan’s Multiple Range Test (DMRT) pada taraf kepercayaan 95%. Hasil penelitian menunjukan analisis kadar HCN tepung buah lindur yaitu 21,81 mg/kg. Perlakuan M3 merupakan perlakuan yang paling disukai oleh panelis dengan skor penilain hedonik warna 4,14 (suka), tekstur  4,13 (suka), aroma 3,79 (suka) dan rasa 4,30 (suka). Analisis Nilai gizi produk browies tepilih M3 meliputi kadar air (30,57%), kadar abu (1,20), Kadar lemak (3,70%), kadar protein (5,63%) dan kadar karbohidrat (58,90%). Analisis aktivitas antioksidan pada brownies terplih M3 yaitu 465,58 ppm dengan kategori sangat lemah. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa substiusi tepung buah lindur pada pembuatan brownies berpengaruh sangat nyata terhadap warna, tekstur, dan rasa. Tetapi berpengaruh tidak nyata terhadap aroma. dan analisis nilai gizi perlakuan terpilih. Berdasarkan standar mutu SNI brownies, bahwa produk brownies substitusi tepung buah lindur sudah memenuhi standar mutu SNI untuk kadar air dan kadar abu serta kadar lemak.

Kata kunci:   Brownies, tepung, Buah Lindur


Full Text:

PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.