PENGARUH SUBSTITUSI TEPUNG JANTUNG PISANG (Musa paradisiaca) TERHADAP KARAKTERISTIK FISIK, KIMIA DAN ORGANOLEPTIK BAKSO DAGING AYAM

Hasmawati Hasmawati, Tamrin tamrin, hermanto hermanto

Abstract


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This study aimed to analyze the effect of banana (Musa paradisiaca) heart flour substitution on the physical, chemical and organoleptic characteristics of chicken meatball. This study used a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with a various proportion of chicken meat and banana heart flour, namely B0 (100%:0%), B1 (90%:10%), B2 (80%:20 %), B3 (70%:30%), and B4 (60%:40%). The results show that the proportion of chicken meat and banana heart flour significantly affected (p <0.05) the organoleptic characteristics. The highest average organoleptic test values were obtained by B2 treatment, with the average scores of color, aroma, taste, and texture reached 4.17 (like), 3.90 (like), 4.13 (like), and 3.96 (like), respectively. The results of the nutritional content analysis of B2 treatment show that it had 5.28% water, 7.91% protein, 8.06% fat, 2.54% carbohydrate, pH of 5-5.2, and water holding capacity of 4.31%. Therefore, the higher concentration of the banana heart flour addition will increase the water holding capacity and protein content of chicken meatball products.                                              Keywords: Chicken meat, banana heart flour, meatballs, nutrition.

                                                                  

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Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mempelajari pengaruh substitusi tepung jantung pisang (Musa paradisiaca) terhadap karakteristik fisik, kimia dan organoleptik bakso daging ayam. Penelitian ini menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) dengan taraf perlakuan yaitu proporsi daging ayam dan tepung jantung pisang (Musa paradisiaca) dengan perbandingan BO(100% : 0%), B1 (90% : 10%), B2 (80% : 20%), B3 (70% : 30%) dan B4 (60% :40%). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perbedaan perbandingan penambahan daging ayam dan tepung jantung pisang (Musa paradisiaca) berpengaruh nyata (p <0,05) terhadap kualitas organoleptik dan dapat diterima (disukai), oleh panelis. Hasil rerata nilai uji organoleptik tertinggi yaitu pad perlakuan Byaitu perlakuan : warna 4,17 (suka), aroma 3,90 (suka), rasa 4,13 (suka) dan tekstur 3,96 (suka). Hasil analisis kandungan gizi tertinggi  pada perlakuan B2 yaitu kadar air (5,28%), kadar protein (7,91%), kadar lemak (8,06%), kadar karbohidrat (2,54%), uji pH (5,52%) dn kandungan daya ikat air (4,31%). Jadi, semakin tinggi penambahan tinggi penambahan tepung jantung pisang akan meningkatkan kandungan daya ikat air dan kandungan kadar protein pada produk bakso daging ayam..

 

 Kata kunci: daging ayam, tepung jantung pisang pisang, bakso, zat gizi


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