ANALISIS SENSORIK, PROKSIMAT DAN ASAM LEMAK KEONG KOWOE DENGAN METODE PENGOLAHAN YANG BERBEDA

Muh Alsere Bardian Sahaba, Andi Besse Patadjai, Kobajashi Togo Isamu

Abstract


Abstrak

Keong kowoe adalah salah satu jenis moluska yang banyak dijumpai disungai, danau, rawa dan memiliki kandungan asam lemak yang baik untuk perkembangan otak dan mencegah penyakit jantung.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui nilai sensori, kandungan proksimat dan asam lemak pada keong kowoe dengan metode pengolahan yang berbeda.Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif, dengan 3 perlakuan. Penelitian ini meliputi uji sensorik, analisis proksimat dan asam lemak metode GC.Penilaian sensori meliputi aroma, warna, Flavor (keong), umami (gurih, enak), Saltiness (Asin) dan Tekstur. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan nilai tertinggi aroma (5), warna (5,4) dan umami (5,3) ditunjukan pada metode pengasapan, untuk flavor (7,1) dan tekstur (5,9) ditunjukkan pada metode oven, sedangkan saltiness (4,6) ditunjukkan pada metode sun drying. kadar air (17,64%) tertinggi ditunjukkan pada metode pengasapan, untuk kadar protein (52,29%), lemak (11,52%) dan serat kasar (1,79%) ditunjukkan pada metode sun drying, sedangkan kadar abu (20,26%) ditunjukkan pada metode oven.  Nilai tertinggi asam lemak jenuh (63,96%) ditunjukkan pada metode oven, sedangkan asam lemak tak jenuh tunggal (21,61%) dan asam lemak tak jenuh jamak (31,68%) ditunjukkan pada metode pengasapan.

 

Kata kunci: Asam lemak, pengasapan, proksimat, sensori, sun drying

 


Abstract

Kowoe snail is one type of mollusk that is often found in rivers, lakes, swamps and have fatty acids whichare good for brain development and prevent heart disease. This study aims to determine the sensory value, proximate content and fatty acids in kowoe snails with different processing methods.This research used a descriptive method, with             3 treatments. This research including sensory test, proximate analysis and fatty acid GC methods. Sensory evaluation including aroma, color, flavor (snail), umami (savory, tasty), saltiness (salty) and texture. The results showed thatthe highest value of aroma (5), color (5.4) and umami (5.3) showed that of by smoking method, for flavor (7.1) and texture (5.9) showed that of by oven drying method, while saltiness (4.6) showed that of by sun drying method. The highest of moisture content (17.64%) showed that of by smoking method, for protein (52.29), lipid (11.52%) and crude fiber content (1.79%) showed that of by sun drying method, while ash content (20.26%) showed that of by oven drying method. The highest value of saturated fatty acids (63.96%) showed that of by oven drying method, while monounsaturated fatty acids (21.61%) and polyunsaturated fatty acids (31.68%) showed that of by smoking method.

 

Key words: Fatty acids,proximate, sensory, smoking, sun drying


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