MUTU KIMIA DAN ORGANOLEPTIK NUGGET IKAN BARAKUDA (Sphyraena jello), DENGAN SUBTITUSI TEPUNG TAPIOKA DAN TEPUNG WORTEL (Daucus carota L.)

Fitriani Sali, Asnani Asnani, Suwarjoyowirayatno Suwarjoyowirayatno

Abstract


ABSTRACT

         This study aims to determine the chemical quality of horse coarse nuggets, with tapioca and carrot flour substitution (Discuss carota L). This study used a complete randomized design (CRD) consisting of four treatments N1 = 50% barracuda fish meat : tapioca flour 50% : carrot flour 0%.,  N2 = 50% barracuda fish meat : tapioca flour 45% : carrot flour 5%., N3 = 50% barracuda fish meat : tapioca flour 40% : carrot flour 10%., N4 = 50% barracuda fish meat : tapioca flour 35% : carrot flour 15% flour each treatment was repeated three times. Test results were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) analysis of variance if there were real differences, a multiple range test (DMRT) was performed with a confidence level of 95%. The results showed that the substitution of tapioca and carrot flour had a very significant effect on the highest value of color 8.1, aroma 7.4, texture 7.1. Chemical test of fish nugget with tapioca and carrot flour substitution are water content 35.74%, ash content 4.63%, protein content 15.83%, fat content 11.37%, crude fiber 6.26% and antioxidant 242.15 g/mL.

 

Keywords: Barracuda fish, carrot flour, chemical test, nuggets, organoleptic test, tapioca flour.


ABSTRAK

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui mutu kimia nugget ikan barakuda dengan subtitusi tepung  tapioka dan tepung wortel. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap RAL yang terdiri dari empat perlakuan N1 = daging ikan barakuda 50% : tepung tapioka 50% : tepung wortel 0%., N2 = daging ikan barakuda 50% : tepung tapioka 45% : tepung wortel 5%., N3 = daging ikan barakuda 50% : tepung tapioka 40% : tepung wortel 10%., N4 = daging ikan barakuda 50% : tepung tapioka 35% : tepung wortel 15% masing- masing perlakuan diulang sebanyak tiga kali ulangan. Data hasil pengujian dianalisis menggunakan analisis ragam (ANOVA) analisis of variens jika terdapat  perbedaan nyata dilakukan uji Duncan multiple rangge test (DMRT) dengan tingkat kepercayaan 95%. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa subtitusi tepung tapioka dan tepung wortel (Daucus carota L) berpengaruh sangat nyata terhadap nilai tertinggi warna 8.1, aroma 7.4, tekstur 7.1, pada uji kimia nugget ikan dengan subtitusi tepung tapioka dan wortel kadar air 35.74%, kadar abu 4.63%, kadar protein 15.83%, kadar lemak 11.37%, serat kasar 6.26% dan antioksidan 242.15 g/mL.

Kata kunci: Ikan barakuda, nugget, tepung tapioka, tepung wortel, uji kimia, uji organoleptik.


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