PENGARUH BERBAGAI LEVEL IRIGASI BAWAH PERMUKAAN DAN APLIKASI BIOCHAR TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN DAN HASIL PADI SAWAH

GUSTI AGUNG KADE ERNA WARDANA, NINI MILA RAHNI, I MADE WIDANA ARSANA, LAODE SABARUDDIN, MIRZA ARSIATY ARSYAD, ARSY AYSYAH ANAS

Abstract


This research aims to determine the effect of subsurface irrigation water level and biochar application on the growth and yield of lowland rice. The research was conducted at Experimental Garden I, Faculty of Agriculture University Halu Oleo. The study consisted of two factors of treatments laid out in an RBCD-based factorial experimental design. The first factor consisted of four levels of subsurface irrigation (S) (i.e., 0, 4, 8, and 12 cm below the soil surface). The other factor also consisted of four levels of rice husk biochar (B) (i.e., 0, 10, 20, and 30 metric tons ha–1). Each treatment combination was given three replications. The collected data were analyzed with ANOVA and the differences among treatments were tested with DMRT at P=0.05. The study showed that both factors had no interaction effect on all parameters. The subsurface irrigation treatments, however, showed significant effects on plant height (56, 70, 84 DAS), leaf area (56, 70 DAS), flag leaf area, dry weight of root and shoot, panicle length, number of grains per panicle, grain weight after harvest per hill, dry weight of 1,000 rice grains, and yield. On the other hand, the biochar treatment only showed significant effects on leaf area at 70 DAS, flag leaf area, number of grains per panicle, grain weight after harvest per hill, and dry weight of 1,000 rice grains.

Keywords


Biochar; Crop; Grain; Irrigation; Rice

Full Text:

PDF

References


Afa, L., Suaib, Uge, I., Anas, A. A., & Maisura. (2021). Korelasi Antara Hasil dan Komponen Hasil Beberapa Kultivar Padi Gogo (Oryza sativa L.) Lokal Sulawesi Tenggara pada Dua Sistem Budidaya. Jurnal Agrium, 18(1), 9–16. https://ojs.unimal.ac.id/index.php/agrium.

Alam, M. K., Bell, R. W., Hasanuzzaman, M., Salahin, N., Rashid, M. H., Akter, N., Akhter, S., Islam, M. S., Islam, S., Naznin, S., Anik, M. F. A., Mosiur Rahman Bhuyin Apu, M., Saif, H. Bin, Alam, M. J., & Khatun, M. F. (2020). Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Establishment Techniques and Their Implications for Soil Properties, Global Warming Potential Mitigation and Crop Yields. Agronomy, 10(6), 1–38. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10060888.

Arbat, G., Cufí, S., Duran-Ros, M., Pinsach, J., Puig-Bargués, J., Pujol, J., & de Cartagena, F. R. (2020). Modeling Approaches for Determining Dripline Depth and Irrigation Frequency of Subsurface Drip Irrigated Rice on Different Soil Textures. Water (Switzerland), 12(6), 1–15. https://doi.org/10.3390/W12061724.

BPS. (2022). Luas Panen dan Produksi Padi di Indonesia 2021 (Angka Sementara). In Berita Resmi Statistik (Vol. 2021, Issue 77). www.bps.go.id.

Duarte, S. de J., Glaser, B., & Cerri, C. E. P. (2019). Effect of Biochar Particle Size on Physical, Hydrological and Chemical Properties of Loamy and Sandy Tropical Soils. Agronomy, 9(4), 1–15. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy9040165.

Erlianus, Radian, & Ramadhan, T. H. (2021). Pengaruh Berbagai Varietas dan Tinggi Muka Air terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Padi (Oryza sativa L.) pada Tanah Alluvial. Agriprima : Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences, 5(2), 138–149. https://doi.org/10.25047/agriprima.v5i2.402.

Ezward, C., Efendi, S., & Makmun, J. (2018). Pengaruh Frekuensi Irigasi terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Padi (Oryza sativa L.). Jurnal Agroekoteknologi Universitas Andalas, 1(1), 17–24. www.jagur.com.

Harini, N. V. A., Lestari, D., & Dewantara, R. (2021). Pengaruh Jarak Tanam dan Penambahan Biochar terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Jumlah Padi MSP 13 di Lampung Tengah. Jurnal Agrimals, 1(1), 1–10. https://jurnal.umko.ac.id/index.php/agrimals/article/view/340.

Herman, W., & Resigia, E. (2018). Pemanfaatan Biochar Sekam dan Kompos Jerami Padi terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Padi (Oryza sativa) pada Tanah Ordo Ultisol. Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian, 15(1), 42–50. https://journal.unilak.ac.id/index.php/jip/article/view/1487.

Hidayati, N., Hendrati, R. L., Triani, A., & Sudijino. (2017). Pengaruh Kekeringan Terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Perkembangan Tanaman Nyamplung (Callophylum inophyllum L .) dan Johar (Cassia florida Vahl .) dari Provenan yang Berbeda. Jurnal Pemuliaan Tanaman Hutan, 11(2), 99–111.

Iswahyudi, Iwan, S., & Irwandi. (2018). Pengaruh Pemberian Pupuk NPK dan Biochar terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Padi Sawah (Oryza sativa, L). Jurnal Penelitian Agrosamudra, 5(2), 1–14. https://ejurnalunsam.id/index.php/jagrs/article/view/810.

Kaya, E. (2018). Pengaruh Kompos Jerami dan Pupuk NPK terhadap N-Tersedia Tanah, Serapan-N, Pertumbuhan, dan Hasil Padi Sawah (Oryza sativa L). Agrologia, 2(1), 43–50. https://doi.org/10.30598/a.v2i1.277.

Kurniawan, A., Haryono, B., Baskara, M., & Tyasmoro, S. Y. (2016). Pengaruh Penggunaan Biochar pada Media Tanam terhadap Pertumbuhan Bibit Tanaman Tebu (Saccharum officinarum L.). Jurnal Produksi Tanaman, 4(2), 153–160. https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/295409727.pdf.

Nurida, N. L. (2014). Potensi Pemanfaatan Biochar untuk Rehabilitasi Lahan Kering di Indonesia. Jurnal Sumberdaya Lahan, 8(3), 57–68. https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/295409727.pdf.

Porpavai, S., & Yogeswari, D. (2021). Alternate Wetting and Drying Irrigation in Direct Seeded Rice: A Review. Agricultural Reviews, 1–7. https://doi.org/10.18805/ag.r-2043.

Puspita, V., Syakur, & Darusman. (2021). Karakteristik Biochar Sekam Padi pada Dua Temperatur Pirolisis (Rice Husk Biochar Characteristisc at Two Pyrolysis Temperature). Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Pertanian, 6(4), 732–739. http://www.jim.unsyiah.ac.id/JFP/article/view/18404.

Ruminta, R., Handoko, H., & Nurmala, T. (2018). Indikasi Perubahan Iklim dan Dampaknya terhadap Produksi Padi di Indonesia (Studi Kasus : Sumatera Selatan dan Malang Raya). Jurnal Agro, 5(1), 48–60. https://doi.org/10.15575/1607.

Soedradjad, R., & Soeparjono, S. (2022). Respon Pertumbuhan Tanaman Jagung terhadap Aplikasi Biochar pada Lahan Kering dengan Dua Sistem Irigasi. Jurnal Ilmiah Hijau Cendekia, 7(1), 26–34. https://doi.org/10.32503/hijau.v7i1.2242.

Sujinah, & Jamil, A. (2016). Mekanisme Respon Tanaman Padi terhadap Cekaman Kekeringan dan Varietas Toleran. Iptek Tanaman Pangan, 11(1), 1–8. http://ejurnal.litbang.pertanian.go.id/index.php/ippan/article/view/5634.

Sumadji, A. R., & Purbasari, K. (2018). Indeks Stomata, Panjang Akar dan Tinggi Tanaman sebagai Indikator Kekurangan Air pada Tanaman Padi Varietas Ir64 dan Ciherang. Agri-Tek: Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian. Kehutanan Dan Agroteknologi, 19(2), 82–85. http://agritek.unmermadiun.ac.id/index.php/agritek/article/view/7.

Supriyanto, B. (2013). Pengaruh Cekaman Kekeringan terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Padi Gogo Lokal Kultivar Jambu (Orysa sativa Linn). Jurnal Agrifor, 12(1), 77–82. https://www.neliti.com/id/publications/30089/pengaruh-cekaman-kekeringan-terhadap-pertumbuhan-dan-hasil-padi-gogo-lokal-kulti.

Suswana, S. (2019). Pengaruh Biochar terhadap Pertumbuhan Padi dalam Sistem Aerobik. Agrotechnology Research Journal, 3(1), 44–49. https://doi.org/10.20961/agrotechresj.v3i1.30396.

Torey, P. C., Ai, N. S., Siahaan, P., & Mambu, S. M. (2014). Karakter Morfologi Akar sebagai Indikator Kekurangan Air pada Padi Lokal Superwin. Jurnal Bios Logos, 3(2), 57–64. https://doi.org/10.35799/jbl.3.2.2013.4431.

Verdiana, M. A., Sebayang, H. T., & Sumarni, T. (2016). Pengaruh Berbagai Dosis Biochar Sekam Padi dan Pupuk NPK terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Tanaman Jagung (Zea mays L.). Jurnal Produksi Tanaman, 4(8), 611–616. https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/295409787.pdf.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 

INDEXED BY

 

Maps Generator

LOCATION OF AGROTEKNOS JOURNAL (FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE, HALU OLEO UNIVERSITY)