MANAGEMENT OF DIARRHEA INCIDENTS IN TODDLER BY DISTRICT/CITY, SOUTHEAST SULAWESI PROVINCE, 2018 – 2022 IN SOUTHEAST SULAWESI

Nuraisyah Nuraisyah(1), Ramadhan Tosepu(2),


(1) Halu Oleo University, Kendari
(2) Halu Oleo University, Kendari
Corresponding Author

Abstract


Handling diarrhea in toddlers is a global health issue that has serious impacts in terms of morbidity and mortality rates, especially in developing countries. This infectious disease is complex and influenced by several factors involving the environment, the disease-causing agent, and the host, which is known as the epidemiological triangle. This research aims to provide an overview of the handling of diarrhea incidents in toddlers in Southeast Sulawesi Province during the period 2018 to 2022 The research method used is a retrospective descriptive approach by collecting data from various sources, including health reports, medical records, and child health surveys. The data was then analyzed to evaluate the treatment of diarrhea in toddlers in the region. The research results showed that the treatment of diarrhea in toddlers in health facilities in Southeast Sulawesi Province experienced fluctuations during the 2018-2022 period. Diarrhea treatment coverage varies from the highest to the lowest regencies/cities in Southeast Sulawesi Province. Factors that influence the incidence of diarrhea include sanitation, access to clean water, hygiene practices, and public health policies. This research also identified that there are factors that cause diarrhea sufferers not to visit health facilities, including limited access, cost of care, lack of knowledge, and cultural factors. Therefore, public health education is key in efforts to reduce the incidence of diarrhea. Collaborative efforts between the government, non-governmental organizations, and local communities are needed to achieve a significant reduction in the incidence of diarrhea and increase the coverage of diarrhea treatment in the future.
Keywords: Diarrhea, children, Handling coverage, Southeast Sulawesi

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