Studi Modernisasi Nelayan di Kota Kendari (Studi Kasus Armada Purse Seine di Pelabuhan Perikanan Samudera Kendari)

Dian Fitriany, Awaluddin Hamzah, Nur Isiyana Wianti

Abstract


This study aims to determine the process of transformation of fishermen to succeed in fisheries modernization, Knowing Factors that play a role in the success of modernization of fishermen. This research was conducted in January 2018 until March 2018 at Fishery Port of Samudera Kendari. Determination of key informants in this study amounted to 4 people, where there is One owner of the ship, two skippers of the ship who is the second owner and leader of the boat, and a captain who is the leader of the ship. Determination of key informants is intended because they are the key to know the process of modernization of fishery business from the beginning of its development until now. This research uses descriptive qualitative analysis method. The results of this study indicate that the elite of Indigenous entrepreneurs is a pioneer elite born in the first modernization period from 1970 to 1980. His business started from traditional fishermen engaged in fish auction business became the head of the fishermen group so that they can access the fishery assistance to develop the business in PPS Kendari. While the Chinese entrepreneurs elite is a followers elite born after the third period of modernization that is after 1990 the business started from employees at the company Cilacap. Because of the potential in him and is the ethnic Chinese he then get help from the company Cilacap owned by the company Cilacap. Factors that play a role in the success of modernization of fishermen can be seen from the elite success of Indigenous businessmen and elite of Chinese businessmen. Where the elite of Native entrepreneurs in fishery modernization there are factors that play a role is the business experience that is as a traditional fisherman and work in fish auctions and then transformed into fisherman owners who have their own company with a fleet of ships that many. While Chinese businessmen are more to ethnic background factors so as to get capital assistance from large Chinese ethnic companies. Furthermore, the elite of indigenous entrepreneurs is supported by the government through the help of the fishing fleet, while the Chinese business elite is supported by the Chinese pioneering elite of Cilacap.


Keywords


Modernization Study; Fisherman; Kendari City; Purse Seine Fleet; PPS Kendari

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bagong, S., dan Karnaji, 2005. Kemiskinan dan Kesenjangan Sosial: Ketika Pembangunan tak berpihak kepada rakyat miskin,Airlangga University. Surabaya.

Departemen kelautan dan perikanan R.I., 2002. Keputusan Menteri Kelautan dan perikanan No.Kep. 10/Men/2002 Tentang pedoman Umum Perencanaan Pengelolaan Pesisir Terpadu.

Lenggono, P.S, Dharmawan, A.H.,Soetarto.,Damanhuri, D.S. 2012.Kebangkitan Ekonomi Lokal: Kemunculan Pertambakan dan Fenomena Industri Pengolahan Udang Ekspor di Delta Mahakam. Jurnal Sodality IPB folume 00. No.02,pp132-144.

Muktar, 2002. Analisa Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Produktifitas Kapal. Tesis. Bogor: IPB.

Satria, A, 2000. Modernisasi Perikanan dan Mobilitas Sosial Nelayan, Studi Kasus Kelurahan Krapyak Lor Kodya Pekalongan Jawa Tengah [Tesis]. Bogor: IPB.

Satria, A.2001. Pengantar Sosiologi Masyarakat Pesisir. Cidesindo.Jakarta.

Sayogyo. 1982. Modernization without development.

Widodo, Slamet, 2009. Strategi Nafkah Rumah Tangga Miskin Di Daerah Pesisir, Bogor. Jawa Timur.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33772/jimdp.v4i2.6638

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Ilmiah Membangun Desa dan Pertanian

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Published by Department of Agribusiness - Halu Oleo University

© JIMDP, e-ISSN: 2527-2748 | DOI: Prefix 10.33772 and 10.37149 by Crossref

Creative Commons License is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats