Peran Subsektor Perikanan dalam Pembangunan Wilayah dan Strategi Pengembangannya di Kabupaten Dairi

Jef Rudiantho Saragih, Janidar Lela, Ummu Harmain

Abstract


Dairi Regency has natural and human resources and supports relatively adequate facilities, but fisheries do not significantly contribute to the regional economy. This study aims to describe the condition of fishing, analyze the role of the fishery subsector, and offer strategies for developing the fishery subsector. The research was conducted in Dairi Regency with 65 fish cultivators samples as the primary data source. Data and information were obtained through FGD from 7 resource persons from specialized agencies, the legislative, and other stakeholders in the fisheries subsector. Secondary data were obtained from several relevant institutions. The current condition of fisheries was analyzed descriptively, the role of the fishery sector was analyzed by Location Quotient, and development strategies were analyzed through SWOT analysis. In the 2010-2017 period, the fishery subsector contributed 2.10% to Dairi Regency's GDP. The most significant fish production is obtained from aquaculture in ponds, Minapadi, and floating nets. Capture fisheries come from lakes and rivers. The fishery subsector is a non-basic activity (LQ=0.97). Aquaculture is a primary activity with LQ=2.19, while capture fisheries are non-basic (LQ=0.49). Fishery development can be planned with a diversification strategy through: increasing utilization of natural and human resources and institutions to improve the efficiency of feed procurement and control of fish diseases; making local policies to improve the competitiveness of fisheries; and diversifying the fishery into Minapadi, ponds, and rivers; and lake capture fisheries. Regional strength can be optimized to respond to opportunities through the strategies: increasing fish production; responding to increased fish consumption as consumer demand; making policies that support institutional capacity building based on entrepreneurial activities, and improving the experience of fish cultivators and facilities and infrastructure.


Keywords


Dairi Regency; fisheries; location quotient; strategy; SWOT analysis

Full Text:

PDF

References


Amir, A. (2020). Kemajuan Desa dan Produk Unggulan Pertanian di Kabupaten Bombana Sulawesi Tenggara. Jurnal Ilmiah Membangun Desa dan Pertanian, 5(2), 45-51.

http://dx.doi.org/10.37149/jimdp.v5i2.10880

BPS Kabupaten Dairi. (2019). Kabupaten Dairi Dalam Angka 2018. Badan Pusat Statistik Kabupaten Dairi.

BPS Kabupaten Dairi. (2019). Produk Domestik Regional Bruto Kabupaten Dairi Menurut Lapangan Usaha 2016-2018. Badan Pusat Statistik Kabupaten Dair

Cipta, S., Sitorus, W., P., S. R., & Lubis, D. P. (2017). Pengembangan Komoditas Unggulan di Wilayah Pengembangan Tumpang Kabupaten Malang. Kawistara, 7(2), 115-206.

Dinas Ketahanan Pangan dan Perikanan Kabupaten Dairi. (2019). Laporan Tahunan Dinas Ketahanan Pangan dan Perikanan Kabupaten Dairi Tahun 2019.

Dinc, M. (2002). Regional and Local Economic Analysis Tools, The World Bank.

Direktorat Kelautan dan Perikanan Kementerian PPN/Bappenas. (2014). Kajian Strategi Pengelolaan Perikanan Berkelanjutan.

Hendayana, R. (2003). Aplikasi Metode Location Quotient (LQ) dalam Penentuan Komoditas Unggulan Nasional. Informatika Pertanian, 12, 1-21.

Hidrawati, U. S., Manan, A. S. S., & Fyka, S. A. (2020). Strategi Pengembangan Pariwisata Berbasis Masyarakat (Studi Kasus di Perkampungan Wisata Sousu, Kabupaten Wakatobi. Jurnal Ilmiah Membangun Desa dan Pertanian, 5(3), 87-59. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.37149/jimdp.v5i3.12028

Irnawati, R., Simbolon, D., Wiryawan, B., Murdiyanto, B., & Nurani, T. W. (2011). Analisis Komoditas Unggulan Perikanan Tangkap di Taman Nasional Karimunjawa. Jurnal Perikanan dan Kelautan, 1(1), 11-17.

Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan. (2019). Pengembangan Komoditas Unggulan Strategis Perikanan Budidaya dan Tata Kelola Perizinan untuk Memacu Investasi. Disampaikan pada Workshop Pembangunan Perikanan budidaya berkelanjutan yang diselenggarakan Kementerian PPN/BAPPENAS, 9 September 2019, Jakarta.

Novitasari, F., & Ayuningtyas, R. V. (2008). Identifikasi Komoditas Unggulan Pertanian dalam Mendukung Kawasan Agropolitan Studi Kasus: Kecamatan Pasaleman, Kabupaten Cirebon. Journal of Regional and Rural Development Planning, 2(3), 218-227.

Nursan, M., Nabilah, S., & Sari, N. M. W. (2020). Potensi dan Strategi Pengembangan Kawasan Minapolitan Kertasari Kabupaten Sumbawa Barat. Jurnal Ilmiah Membangun Desa dan Pertanian, 5(6), 192-201. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.37149/jimdp.v5i6.14605

Priyarsono, D. S. (2017). Membangun dari Pinggiran: Tinjauan dari Perspektif Ilmu Ekonomi Regional. Journal of Regional and Rural Development Planning, 1(1), 42-52. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.29244/jp2wd.2017.1.1.42-52

Pujiana, T., Rangga, K. K., Syarief, Y. A., & Mutolib, A. (2020). Strategi Pengembangan Program Kawasan Rumah Pangan Lestari Kabupaten Tulang Bawang Barat. Jurnal Ilmiah Membangun Desa dan Pertanian, 5(3), 79-86. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.37149/jimdp.v5i3.12189

Rusadi, N. W. P. (2020). Strategi Pengembangan Budidaya Jamur Tiram sebagai Komoditas Pertanian Perkotaan. Jurnal Ilmiah Membangun Desa dan Pertanian, 5(4), 122-128. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.37149/jimdp.v5i4.12722

Saragih, J. R. (2020). Strategi Peningkatan Produktivitas Kopi Robusta di Desa Sigodang Barat Kecamatan Panei Kabupaten Simalungun Provinsi Sumatera Utara. Agroland: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian, 27(2), 108-117. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.22487/agrolandnasional.v27i2.449

Saragih, J. R., Siburian, A., Harmain, U., & Purba, T. (2021). Komoditas Unggulan dan Potensial Sektor Pertanian Kabupaten Simalungun, Provinsi Sumatera Utara. Agro Bali: Agricultural Journal, 4(1), 51-62. https://doi.org/10.37637/ab.v0i0.633

Soepono, P. (2001). Teori Pertumbuhan Berbasis Ekonomi (Ekspor): Posisi dan Sumbangannya bagi Perbendaharaan Alat-alat Analisis Regional. Jurnal Ekonomi dan Bisnis Indonesia, 16(1), 41-53. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.22146/jieb.6802

Susilawati, Sastrawati, I., & Wunas, S. (2016). Penentuan Komoditas Unggulan Sektor Pertanian Tanaman Pangan di Kabupaten Bone, Sulawesi Selatan. Prosiding Temu Ilmiah IPLBI 2016,

Syafruddin, R. F., Sari, D. P., & Kadir, M. (2018). Penentuan Komoditas Unggulan dan Struktur Komoditas Hortikultura di Kecamatan Tenggimoncong Kabupaten Gowa Berdasarkan Location Quotient (LQ) dan Klassen Typology (KT). Jurnal Galung Tropika, 7(1), 22-32. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.31850/jgt.v7i1.259




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.37149/jimdp.v6i6.21709

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Ilmiah Membangun Desa dan Pertanian

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Published by Department of Agribusiness - Halu Oleo University

© JIMDP, e-ISSN: 2527-2748 | DOI: Prefix 10.33772 and 10.37149 by Crossref

Creative Commons License is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats