Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Intensi Petani Ternate dalam Melakukan Pertanian Organik

Ikhsan Fuady, Mardianah Mardianah

Abstract


Organic farming is one alternative farming system that is environmentally friendly and sustainable. Various kinds of activities to accelerate the development of organic agriculture in the city of Ternate have been carried out, but the productivity of organic agriculture is still relatively low. Many factors affect the intention of farmers to conduct organic farming. This study aims to determine the factors that influence the intention of farmers to carry out organic farming, within the framework of the technology acceptance model (TAM) theory. The research method used is the quantitative method of the survey approach. The study population was members of farmer groups in Ternate. The sampling technique used is multistage cluster random sampling. The sample of this research were 46 farmers. The results showed that the intention of farmers to carry out organic farming 65.5 percent of high-categorized farmers. In its agricultural business, farmers have started to utilize environmentally friendly agricultural inputs such as compost, and also plant-based pesticides. Most farmers have been able to independently make organic fertilizers such as location fertilizer with MOL independently. For factors that influence farmers to do organic farming, among others, are farmers' perceptions of the benefits of organic farming, with a correlation coefficient of 0.845 and a significance of 0.007. Another factor influencing farmers' intention to do organic farming is risk perception with a correlation coefficient of 0.296 and a significance value of 0.000. Benefit perception refers to the farmer's view of how much benefit is gained by carrying out an organic farming system. While risk perception refers to the small risk obtained by conducting an organic farming system.


Keywords


attitudes; influencing factors; intentions; organic farming.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ajzen, I. (2015). Consumer attitudes and behavior : the theory of planned behavior applied to food consumption decisions. 121–138. https://doi.org/10.13128/REA-18003

Anonim. (2016). Laporan tahunan BPTP Maluku Utara (Vol. 6). https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004

Ashari, N., Sharifuddin, J., Mohammed, Z. A., & Terano, R. (2016). Rice Farmers’ Perception And Attitude Toward Organic Farming Adoption. Jurnal Agro Ekonomi, 34(1), 35. https://doi.org/10.21082/jae.v34n1.2016.35-46

Ashari, Sharifuddin, J., Mohammed, Z., & Terano, R. (2018). Paddy farmer’s perception and factors influencing attitude and intention on adoption of organic rice farming. International Food Research Journal, 25(December), S135–S145.

Chaminda S. Herath, R. W. (2013). Das Jacobische Kriterium der Variationsrechnung und die Oszillationseigenschaften linearer Differentialgleichungen 2. Ordnung. Mathematische Annalen, 68(2), 279–304. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01474163

Clark, B., Panzone, L. A., Stewart, G. B., Kyriazakis, I., Niemi, J. K., Latvala, T., … Frewer, L. J. (2019). Consumer attitudes towards production diseases in intensive production systems. PLoS ONE, 14(1), 1–24. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0210432

Davis, F. D. (1989). Perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, and user acceptance of information technology. MIS Quarterly: Management Information Systems, 13(3), 319–339. https://doi.org/10.2307/249008

Flett, R., Alpass, F., Humphries, S., Massey, C., Morriss, S., & Long, N. (2004). The technology acceptance model and use of technology in New Zealand dairy farming. Agricultural Systems, 80(2), 199–211. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agsy.2003.08.002

Fuady, I. (2011). Hubungan perilaku komunikasi dengan praktek budidaya pertanian organik.

Fuady, I. (2012). Perilaku Komunikasi Petani dalam pencarian Informasi Pertanian Organik (Kasus Petani bawang merah Di Desa Srigading Kabupaten Bantul). Jurnal Komunikasi Pembangunan, 10(2), 10–18. https://doi.org/10.29244/jurnalkmp.10.2.

Gasson, R., Crow, G., Errington, A., Hutson, J., Marsden, T., & Winter, M. (1988). The farm as. Journal of Agricultural Economics, 39(1), 1–41.

Indonesia, B. (2018). Kajian Ekonomi dan Keuangan Regional Provinsi Maluku Utara.

Issa, I., & Hamm, U. (2017). Adoption of organic farming as an opportunity for Syrian farmers of fresh fruit and vegetables: An application of the theory of planned behaviour and structural equation modelling. Sustainability (Switzerland), 9(11), 1–22. https://doi.org/10.3390/su9112024

Lampkin, N.H., and S. P. (2004). The Economics of Organic Farming—An International Perspective . 79(1), 280–282. https://doi.org/10.2307/1243970

Lin, C. S., & Chen, C. (2011). Application of Theory of Planned Behavior on the Study of Workplace Dishonesty. 2, 66–69.

Masri Singarimbun, S. E. (1989). Metode penelitian survai. In LP3ES.

SITANGGANG, N. Y. R. (2008). ANALISIS USAHATANI BAWANG DAUN ORGANIK DAN ANORGANIK. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004

Venkatesh, V., & Davis, F. D. (2000). Theoretical extension of the Technology Acceptance Model: Four longitudinal field studies. Management Science, 46(2), 186–204. https://doi.org/10.1287/mnsc.46.2.186.11926

Wang, X., Pacho, F., Liu, J., & Kajungiro, R. (2019). Factors influencing organic food purchase intention in Tanzania and Kenya and the moderating role of knowledge. Sustainability (Switzerland), 11(1). https://doi.org/10.3390/su11010209

Widjayanthi, L. (2015). Tingkat Penerapan Pertanian Organik dan Pola Perilaku Komunitas Petani Sayuir Organik di Kecamatan Trawas kabupaten Mojokerto. Jsep, 8(2), 25–39.

Willer, H., Sorensen, N., & Yussefi-Menzler, M. (2008). The World of Organic Agriculture 2008: Summary. In The World of Organic Agriculture: Statistics and Emerging Trends 2008. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781849775991

Yanakittkul, P., & Aungvaravong, C. (2020). A model of farmers intentions towards organic farming: A case study on rice farming in Thailand. Heliyon, 6(1), e03039. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e03039




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.37149/jimdp.v5i3.12132

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Ilmiah Membangun Desa dan Pertanian

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Published by Department of Agribusiness - Halu Oleo University

© JIMDP, e-ISSN: 2527-2748 | DOI: Prefix 10.33772 and 10.37149 by Crossref

Creative Commons License is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats