POTENSI DAN PEMANFAATAN TUMBUHAN AREN (Arenga pinnata Merr.) DI KAWASAN HUTAN KOTA KENDARI PROVINSI SULAWESI TENGGARA

Sitti Marwah, Nurhayati Hadjar, Muhusana Muhusana

Abstract


Abstrak: Hasil Hutan Bukan Kayu (HHBK) merupakan bagian dari ekosistem hutan yang memiliki peran ekologis maupun ekonomi dan telah dimanfaatkan oleh masyarakat sekitar hutan baik secara langsung maupun tidak langsung.  Salah satu hasil hutan bukan kayu adalah tumbuhan aren (A. Pinnata Merr.) yang merupakan tumbuhan multiguna dan bernilai ekonomi cukup tinggi, karena seluruh bagian tumbuhan mulai dari daun sampai akar dapat dimanfaatkan. penelitian ini bertujuan mengkaji potensi dan pemanfaatan tumbuhan aren yang berada di kawasan hutan Kecamatan Abeli Kota Kendari. Metode yag digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode survey dan wawancara. Analisa data mencakup analisis potensi tumbuhan Aren di kawasan hutan Kelurahan Tobimeita dan analisis deskriptif terhadap pemanfaatan Aren bagi responden di Kelurahan Tobimeita Kota Kendari. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa di kawasan hutan Kelurahan Tobimeita memiliki kerapatan tumbuhan Aren 175 pohon hektar-1 dan rata-rata setiap responden mengolah/menyadap sebanyak 4 pohon dan menghasilkan nira rata-rata 10 liter pohon-1 hari-1. Seluruh produksi nira yang dihasilkan oleh responden masih dimanfaatkan sebagai minuman alkohol yang diolah secara tradisional. Selain itu, bagian tumbuhan yang dimanfaatkan adalah tulang daun berupa sapu lidi untuk kebutuhan sendiri.

 

Kata Kunci: Aren, pemanfaatan, potensi.

 

 

The Potential and Use of Aren (Arenga pinnata) trees In The Forest Area Kendari City Southeast Sulawesi Province

Abstract: Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) are part of the forest ecosystem which has an ecological and economic role and has been used directly and indirectly by the community around the forest. One of the non-wood forest products is aren (A. Pinnata Merr.) Which is a multipurpose plant and has a high economic value, because all parts of plants ranging from leaves to roots can be utilized. This study aims to examine the potential and utilization of palm sugar plants located in the forest area of Abeli District, Kendari City. The method used in this research is survey and interview methods. Data analysis includes an analysis of the potential of Aren plants in the forest area of Tobimeita Village and a descriptive analysis of the use of Aren for respondents in the Tobimeita Village of Kendari City. The results showed that in the forest area of Tobimeita Village had a density of 175 Aren-1 tree and the average of each respondent processed / tapped as many as 4 trees and produced an average of 10 liters of sap for tree-1 day-1. The entire roomie production produced by respondents is still used as traditionally processed alcoholic drinks. In addition, the plant parts that are used are leaf bone in the form of a broom stick for their own needs.

 

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33772/jc.v1i1.12377

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